THE PARTHENON …A WONDER IN OUR HEARTS


THE PARTHENON DOESN’T NEED A COMPETITION OR AN UNOFFICIAL GALLOP TO BE NAMED A WONDER-IT IS A WONDER BY T SELF……………NO MATTER WHAT -IT WAS /IS /WILL BE ONE OF THE MARVELOUS CONSTRUCTIONS IN ANTIQUITY…UNTIL ETERNITY
written by Anastasia Karamerou in 2007
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I just wish the British Museum decides the return of the “stolen” marbles.
The campaign BRING THEM BACK must restart…..
Please, read below more info on the Parthenon
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“Temple of Athena” redirects here. For other uses, see Parthenon (disambiguation) and Temple of Athena (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Pantheon, Rome.

Coordinates: 37.9714°N 23.7265°E

Parthenon
Παρθενώνας
The Parthenon in Athens.jpg

The Parthenon
General information
Type Temple
Architectural style Classical
Location Athens, Greece
Construction started 447 BC[1][2]
Completed 432 BC[1][2]
Destroyed Partially on 26 September 1687
Height 13.72 m (45.0 ft)[3]
Dimensions
Other dimensions Cella: 29.8 by 19.2 m (98 by 63 ft)
Technical details
Size 69.5 by 30.9 m (228 by 101 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Iktinos, Kallikrates
Other designers Phidias (sculptor)

Reconstruction of the Acropolis and Areus Pagus in Athens, Leo von Klenze, 1846

The Parthenon (/ˈpɑːrθəˌnɒnˌ nən/; Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Modern Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple,[4][5] on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the zenith of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization,[6] and one of the world’s greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a programme of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure.[7]

The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. The temple is archaeoastronomically aligned to the Hyades.[8] While a sacred building dedicated to the city’s patron goddess, the Parthenon was actually used primarily as a treasury. For a time, it served as the treasury of the Delian League, which later became the Athenian Empire. In the final decade of the sixth century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. From 1800 to 1803,[9] Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin removed some of the surviving sculptures with the alleged permission of the Ottoman Empire.[citation needed] These sculptures, now known as the Elgin Marblesor the Parthenon Marbles, were sold in 1816 to the British Museum in London, where they are now displayed. Since 1983 (on the initiative of Culture Minister Melina Mercouri), the Greek government has been committed to the return of the sculptures to Greece.[10]

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